We investigated whether an aqueous extract of Asparagus cochinchinensis Merrill (Liliaceae) roots (ACAE) inhibits secretion of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) from primary cultures of mouse astrocytes. ACAE dose-dependently inhibited the TNF-alpha secretion by astrocytes stimulated with substance P (SP) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). IL-1 has been shown to elevate TNF-alpha secretion from LPS-stimulated astrocytes while having no effect on astrocytes in the absence of LPS. We therefore investigated whether IL-1 mediated inhibition of TNF-alpha secretion from astrocytes by ACAE. Treatment of ACAE to astrocytes stimulated with both LPS and SP decreased IL-1 secretion. Moreover, incubation of astrocytes with IL-1 antibody abolished the synergistic cooperative effect of LPS and SP. These results suggest that ACAE may inhibit TNF-alpha secretion by inhibiting IL-1 secretion and that ACAE has a antiinflammatory activity in the central nervous system.
PMID: 9730251 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]