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Emblic Myrobalan

Other Name Phyllanthus emblica, Myrobalan,Emlic, Indian Gooseberry, Malacca Tree

The fruit has been held in high esteem in indigenous medicine. It is acrid, cooling, refrigerant, diuretic and laxative. The raw fruit is eaten as an aperient. The dried fruit is useful in haemorrhage, diarrhoea and dysentery. In combination with iron, it is used as a remedy for anaemia, jaundice and dyspepsia.


Antioxidative activity of Thai medicinal plants and Thai wines

Noppamas Soonthornchareonnon* and Songri Kaewsuwan**
*Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University
**Department of Pharmacognosy and Pharmaceutical Botany, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Prince of Songkla University



The present study was performed to evaluate antioxidative activity of Thai medicinal plants (Hibiscus sabdariffa L., Elephantophus scaber L., Phyllanthus emblica L., Averrhoa carambola L., Morinda citrifolia L., and Terminalia chebula Retz. Var. chebula L.) and wines produced from them. The results indicated that 80% alcoholic extracts of these plants were more active that 40% alcoholic extracts except for the extract of Averrhoa carambola L. The most active plant was found to be the 80% alcoholic extracts of Phyllanthus emblica L. ( ED50 1.5 ?g/ml ) which was more active than that of grape seeds . Grape red wines showed 10-12 folds stronger antioxidative activity than grape white wines. In contrast , Thai medicinal white wine exhibited stronger antioxidative activity than Thai medicinal red wines .
The most active wine was Phyllanthus emblica wine which was 40-50 and 3-4 times more active than grape white wine (Chardonney) and grape red wines (Merlot) , respectively .
The phytochemical investigation of the plant extracts showed that grape seeds contained flavonoides , Hibiscus sabdariffa L. contained flavonoids and phenolic compounds. Elephantophus scaber L. and Morinda citrifola L. contained phenolic compounds. Phyllanthus emblica L. and Terminalia chebula Retz. Var. chebula L. contained tannins and phenolic compounds.
Images (click to enlarge)
Emblic Myrobalan is an ingredient of